Türkiye Cumhuriyeti

Pekin Büyükelçiliği

Konuşma Metinleri

Speech at Nankai University, Zhou Enlai School of Government, 08.06.2011

Executive Dean of Zhou Enlai School of Government, Dr. Yang Long,

Dean of Studies Mr. Zhu Guanglei,

Deputy Dean Mr. Chang Jian,

Prof. Han Zhaoying,

Distinguished Academia of Nankai University,

Dear Students,

Ladies and Gentlemen,



I would like to thank you warmly for the opportunity to address such a selected group of people from Nankai University.



When I was first approached by one of your peers, fellow student Fatih Ağıl, to address this prestigious School, without hesitation I accepted the invitation.



I am very glad to be here today.



In my presentation I intend to first tell you about our historic connection with China, particularly the impact of the Silk Road and our bilateral relations during the height of imperialism and colonialism.



I will then continue to give you some information about our relations today with potential joint projects, and finally what Turkey is all about.



At the end of the presentation I would like to show you an introductory film on Turkey and then I wish to take your questions.



Ladies and Gentlemen,



The Chinese were the Turks’ very first neighbours. This statement may come as a surprise to you, but back in 200BC Turks were dwelling in today’s Mongolia, Siberia and Inner Mongolia. The Turkic tribes were living side by side with the Mongol tribes.



In the 600ADs, the Turkish tribes had gained prominence over the Mongols and engaged in with a number of Chinese dynasties, namely Northern Wei, Sui and Tang dynasties.



The History Museum in Hohhot amply demonstrates that until the 830ADs our bilateral relationship developed in amicable/friendly terms. There have peace agreements as well as exchange of brides to seal agreements.



The Turks then started their westward migration in the 9th century AD, for internal and environmental reasons.



However, Turks and Chinese never lost contact with each other thanks to the Silk Road which was in existence since 200BC.



The exquisite Chinese Porcelain Collection which is our national treasure at the Topkapı Palace in İstanbul attest to very vibrant cultural and commercial contacts through the Silk Road.



Our two peaceful countries unfortunately have endured a heavy beating during the height of Western imperialism and colonialism.



As a result, our connection weakened considerably.



The reason is at the screen behind me. (Situation of China and Ottoman Empire on the screen)



Note the similarity of the conditions imposed on us at the end of World War I. In the end, both Turkey at Sevres and China at Versailles refused the outcomes of the conferences and basically refused the outcome of the arbitrary new map drawn by the imperialists.



During the period after World War I, both Turkey and China accomplished their internal unification, evicted foreign forces from their lands and through their visionary and courageous leaders, Atatürk and Chairman Mao, have founded two very dynamic republics in their own right.



Although we have an over 2000 years old history with China, in more modern terms our relations are merely 40 years old.



What have we accomplished since then?



-China: 2nd largest economy (2010 GDP: 5,88 trillion $)



-Turkey: 16th largest economy (2010 GDP: 741 billion $)



-Increase in per capita income (PPP/Purchasing Power Parity)



-China: 250$ (1980), 7.517$ (2010)



-Turkey: 2.756$ (1980), 13.417$ (2010)



This was achieved thanks to again our visionary leaders, like late President Turgut Özal and late President Deng Xiaoping. They opened up our countries to the outside world and unleashed our potential. These grand policies were implemented four years apart from each other. (1979 in China, 1983 in Turkey)



Turkey’s goals for 2023, which will be the Centennial Anniversary of the Establishment of the Republic of Turkey:



-to become the 10th largest economy



-to increase per capita income to 25.000$



-to reach 500 billion $ in exports



These goals are achievable. Today Turkey is the 6th largest economy in Europe.



There are 74 million people living in Turkey. We have 35 million internet users (60 million by 2013) and 61,5 million mobile phone users. Turkey is Europe’s 3rd biggest all phone user.



Bilateral political relations between Turkey and China have witnessed great momentum since 2009. High level contacts are now being conducted every year on a regular basis.



As a result, our bilateral relations have been elevated to the level of “strategic cooperation” when Premier Wen Jiabao visited Turkey last year in October.



What is more, our countries have established a system of cooperation in times of need. The 1999 earthquake in Turkey, the 2008 earthquake in Sichuan and the recent evacuation of Chinese citizen from Libya are exemplary cases of mutual support.



Cooperation between Turkey and China, as two important developing nations, is also accelerating in international organizations, like the G-20 and the United Nations Security Council. Turkey and China have the similar outlook and approach. Our two countries are in favor of peaceful resolution of conflicts.



Ladies and Gentlemen,



Our two countries still have formidable challenges ahead, but what they have managed to achieve in the past is indicative of their future.



I have no doubt in my mind that both Turkey and China will overcome all the challenges.



We are together assuring our rightful place in the world.



This process is referred to as “normalization of history” by Turkish Foreign Minister Mr. Ahmet Davutoğlu.



When I look at you, I see the future of China.



Be proud of your parents’ success and do all you can to surpass them.



Embrace the motto of your school: “Dedication to the public interest, acquisition of all-round capability and aspiration for progress with each passing day.”



Hereby I would like to congratulate Nankai University, which has come into prominence for being the first non-foreign entity to calculate a Chinese “Consumer Price Index”.



As the future decision makers you need to see and hear the world, not only read the world.



I have provided you the hearing part about Turkey, but you should do the seeing part.



Take your backpacks and travel the world.



Verify the information I gave you today by going to Turkey.



Form groups, apply for visa. I guarantee you quick processing.



You are most welcome! Xie xie!”